Etna is a Sicilian volcanic complex originated in the Quaternary and represents the earth's highest active volcano of the Eurasian plate. His frequent eruptions throughout history have changed, sometimes profoundly, the surrounding landscape, coming several times to threaten the people who over the millennia have settled around essoIl June 21, 2013 the thirty-seventh session of the UNESCO Committee, which met in Phnom Penh in Cambodia, he entered Mount Etna in the list of assets constituting the World Heritage. Etna is located on the east coast of Sicily, within the territory of the province of Catania and occupies an area of 1,265 km², with a diameter of 40 kilometers and a base perimeter of about 135 km. The volcano is ranked among those defined in the shield which is supported one stratovolcano; its height varies over time because of its eruptions that determine its raising or lowering. In 1900 its height was up to 3,274 m. s.l.m. and in 1950 the 3,326 m. In 1978 she had reached the quota of 3,345 m  and in 2010 to 3,350 m.Complesso summit crater of Etna on 11.28.2015; from south-west view shows the displacement of effusive centers to ESE. The height reached is equal to this the most complex anticoFaraglioni Cyclops Aci CastelloDipinto Thomas Cole, 1842; clear the different aspect of the volcano than recenteL'Etna view from Catania in the second decade of the twentieth century .; you notice the look completely different the volcano extensively modified by the subsequent emergence of new crateril'Etna erupting October 30, 2002; view from internazionaleLa its surface space station is characterized by a rich variety of environments that alternates cityscapes, dense forests that conserve several endemic botanical species to desolate areas covered by magmatic rock and periodically subject to snow at higher altitudes. Fino a tempi recenti, l'Etna veniva considerato un vulcano prevalentemente effusivo, cioè caratterizzato soprattutto dall'emissione di colate laviche. Esse possono causare danni materiali ma non rappresentano una minaccia diretta per la vita delle 900 mila persone che vivono nelle zone potenzialmente a rischio. Tuttavia, studi recenti hanno rivelato che questo vulcano risulta capace di dar luogo anche ad una attività fortemente esplosiva, come l'eruzione pliniana del 122 A.C.. Più recentemente si è osservato, soprattutto dalla fine degli anni 70, un forte incremento di episodi eruttivi esplosivi soprattutto ai crateri sommitali. Questo si è dimostrato in modo notevole durante le eruzioni sommitali del 1995-2001, con circa 150 episodi di fontane di lava (anche conosciuti come parossismi) e ancora una volta negli ultimi anni, a partire da gennaio 2011, con più di 40 parossismi, la maggior parte delle quali ha generato alte colonne di gas e cenere.
Until recently, the Etna volcano was considered a predominantly effusive, that is mainly characterized by the emission of lava flows. They can cause damage to property but do not represent a direct threat to the lives of 900,000 people living in potentially hazardous areas. However, recent studies have revealed that this volcano is capable of giving rise also to a highly explosive activity, as the Plinian eruption in 122 BC. More recently it has been observed, especially from the late 70s, a strong increase of explosive eruptive episodes especially to the summit craters. This was dramatically demonstrated during the summit eruptions of 1995-2001, with about 150 episodes of lava fountains (also known as paroxysms) and again in recent years, starting from January 2011, with more than 40 paroxysms, most of which has generated high columns of gas and ash.
With its forests, the trails, the unique landscapes, the typical products, the historic centers of its municipalities, the Park is all year round an attractive invitation for travelers and nature lovers, wine and food, sports outdoors in unique scenarios. The Park is a magnificent area of eastern Sicily, which aims to enhance and protect at the same time this truly unique environment that highlights the strength of a powerful nature, but knows then also be very generous with the overwhelming fertility of its land , by gentleness and generosity of the "Muntagna". The territory has been divided into four zones, which correspond to different levels of protection, as determined by the legislature. In the "strict nature reserve" ( "A" zone), nature is preserved in its entirety, with minimal human intervention; in the general reserve (area "B"), it combines protection with the development of traditional economic activities is characterized by small agricultural plots and is marked by beautiful old farmhouses, very significant examples of rural architecture; in the "protection to controlled development" (pre-park) consists of the areas "C" and "D", which looks remarkably built up, it pursues economic development compatible with respect for the landscape and the environment. At the center of the ecosystem of the park is Mount Etna, with its lithological boundary of 250 km, the height of about 3350 m. and an area of about 1260 square kilometers. Fall within the territory of the common twenty Park (Adrano, Belpasso, Biancavilla, Bronte, Castiglione di Sicilia, Giarre, Lingfield, Maletto, Mascali, Milo, Nicolosi, Pedara, Piedimonte Etneo, Ragalna, Randazzo, Santa Maria di Licodia, Sant'Alfio, Trecastagni, Viagrande, Zafferana Etnea), with a population of about two hundred fifty thousand inhabitants.
Among the many places suggestive and with views on Monte da mozzawind whats can we advise and creatainly the restaurant Craters Silvestri. For more information click the website
Catania's raucous fish market, which takes over the streets behind Piazza del Duomo every workday morning, is street theatre at its most thrilling. Tables groan under the weight of decapitated swordfish, ruby-pink prawns and trays full of clams, mussels, sea urchins and all manner of mysterious sea life. Fishmongers gut silvery fish and high-heeled housewives step daintily over pools of blood-stained water. It's absolutely riveting. Surrounding the market are a number of good seafood restaurants.
Taking centre stage on Catania's showpiece Piazze del Duomo is the city's most memorable monument, the smiling Fontana dell'Elefante (Fountain of the Elephant; 1736). Made of lava stone and dating from the Roman period, the comical statue is of an adorable elephant, known locally as Liotru and the symbol of the city. The statue is surmounted by an improbable Egyptian obelisk which, according to local folklore, possesses magical powers.
A few blocks northeast of the duomo, is Catania's dashing opera. Completed in 1890 and made for homegrown composer Vincenzo Bellini, the building's interiors are suitably lavish, from the stucco-and-marble extravagance of the foyer (known as the ridotto) to the glory of the theatre itself, wrapped in four tiers of gilded boxes. The theatre's painted ceiling, by Ernesto Bellandi, depicts scenes from four of Bellini’s best-known operas.
West of Piazza del Duomo lie Catania's most impressive ancient ruins: the remains of a 2nd-century Roman Theatre and its small rehearsal theatre, the Odeon. The ruins are evocatively sited in the thick of a crumbling residential neighbourhood, with vine-covered buildings that appear to have sprouted organically from the half-submerged stage. Adjacent to the main theatre is the Casa Liberti, an elegantly restored 19th-century apartment now home to two millennia worth of artefacts discovered during the excavation of the site.
Piazzale Crateri silvestri 95030 Etna Nicolosi (CT) (a 500 metri dalla funivia)
Lunedì – Venerdì, 07:00 – 22:00
Sabato, 09:00 – 22:00
Domenica, 08:00 -23:00